The 44th Academy Awards (1972)
Held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on Monday, April 10, 1972,
honoring movies released in 1971.
Best Actor Gene Hackman in a scene from Best Picture "The French Connection."
Best PictureFull Image
"The French Connection"
Philip D'Antoni Production in association with Schine-Moore Productions; 20th Century-Fox.
Best ActressFull Image
Best Actress Jane Fonda ("Klute").
Best Supporting ActorFull Image
Best Supporting Actor Ben Johnson ("The Last Picture Show") with presenters Richard Harris and Sally Kellerman.
- Best Picture: "The French Connection"
- "The French Connection" also won Academy Awards for Best Actor (Gene Hackman), Directing (William Friedkin), Film Editing (Jerry Greenberg), and Writing – Screenplay based on material from another medium (Ernest Tidyman).
- The ceremony's opening number was called "Lights, Camera, Action." It was choreographed by Ron Field, written by Billy Barnes, and interpreted by Joel Grey; the performance was a musical number about Hollywood's past.
- "Theme from 'Shaft'" was the Oscar winner for Song; Isaac Hayes wrote the music and lyrics and performed the song on the show in a spectacularly staged number. Hayes was the first African-American to win an Oscar in a music category. (View Image)
- Helen Hayes, Alan King, Sammy Davis Jr., and Jack Lemmon shared hosting duties.
- On January 12, 1971, the sitcom "All in the Family," starring Carroll O'Connor, debuted on CBS.
- On January 25, 1971, Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted of 27 counts of first-degree murder and conspiracy to commit murder in the 1969 slaying of Sharon Tate and six others.
- In February 1971, the NASDAQ began trading as the world's first electronic stock exchange.
- On February 28, 1971, Evel Knievel set a world record by jumping his motorcycle over 19 cars at the Ontario Motor Speedway, as part of the pre-show entertainment before the first NASCAR Miller High Life 500 stock car classic.
- On June 6, 1971, "The Ed Sullivan Show" aired its final episode. The final new show aired March 28, 1971, followed by several weeks of reruns.
- In June 1971, Neville Bonner became the first indigenous Australian to sit in the Australian Parliament.
- On July 3, 1971, Jim Morrison, the lead singer of the Doors, was found dead in Paris, France.
- On September 8, 1971, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts opened to the public with the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's "Mass," which was written specifically for the occasion.
- In September 1971, the Attica Prison Riots took place; law enforcement officials invaded the prison after four days of rioting and opened fire, killing 29 inmates and 10 hostages and injuring many others.
- In October 1971, Walt Disney World Resort opened in Orlando, Florida.