Oscar Legacy
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The 44th Academy Awards (1972)

Held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on Monday, April 10, 1972,
honoring movies released in 1971.

Best Actor Gene Hackman in a scene from Best Picture ("The French Connection").

Best Actor Gene Hackman in a scene from Best Picture "The French Connection."

Best Picture

The French Connection Full Image

"The French Connection"

Philip D'Antoni Production in association with Schine-Moore Productions; 20th Century-Fox.

Best Actress

Best Actress Jane Fonda ("Klute"). Full Image

Jane Fonda

Best Actress Jane Fonda ("Klute").

Best Supporting Actor

Best Supporting Actor Ben Johnson ("The Last Picture Show") with presenters Richard Harris and Sally Kellerman. Full Image

Ben Johnson

Best Supporting Actor Ben Johnson ("The Last Picture Show") with presenters Richard Harris and Sally Kellerman.

The Year

  • Shaft
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • Gene Hackman
  • Cloris Leachman
  • Best Picture: "The French Connection"
    • "The French Connection" also won Academy Awards for Best Actor (Gene Hackman), Directing (William Friedkin), Film Editing (Jerry Greenberg), and Writing – Screenplay based on material from another medium (Ernest Tidyman).
  • The ceremony's opening number was called "Lights, Camera, Action." It was choreographed by Ron Field, written by Billy Barnes, and interpreted by Joel Grey; the performance was a musical number about Hollywood's past.
  • "Theme from 'Shaft'" was the Oscar winner for Song; Isaac Hayes wrote the music and lyrics and performed the song on the show in a spectacularly staged number. Hayes was the first African-American to win an Oscar in a music category. (View Image)
  • Helen Hayes, Alan King, Sammy Davis Jr., and Jack Lemmon shared hosting duties.
  • On January 12, 1971, the sitcom "All in the Family," starring Carroll O'Connor, debuted on CBS.
  • On January 25, 1971, Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted of 27 counts of first-degree murder and conspiracy to commit murder in the 1969 slaying of Sharon Tate and six others.
  • In February 1971, the NASDAQ began trading as the world's first electronic stock exchange.
  • On February 28, 1971, Evel Knievel set a world record by jumping his motorcycle over 19 cars at the Ontario Motor Speedway, as part of the pre-show entertainment before the first NASCAR Miller High Life 500 stock car classic.
  • On June 6, 1971, "The Ed Sullivan Show" aired its final episode. The final new show aired March 28, 1971, followed by several weeks of reruns.
  • In June 1971, Neville Bonner became the first indigenous Australian to sit in the Australian Parliament.
  • On July 3, 1971, Jim Morrison, the lead singer of the Doors, was found dead in Paris, France.
  • On September 8, 1971, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts opened to the public with the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's "Mass," which was written specifically for the occasion.
  • In September 1971, the Attica Prison Riots took place; law enforcement officials invaded the prison after four days of rioting and opened fire, killing 29 inmates and 10 hostages and injuring many others.
  • In October 1971, Walt Disney World Resort opened in Orlando, Florida.

Honorary Award

To Charles Chaplin for the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century. (View Image)

See all Nominees and Winners

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