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28th Oscars

Best Picture: Marty

Marty also won Academy Awards for Best Actor (Ernest Borgnine), Directing (Delbert Mann), and Writing – Screenplay (Paddy Chayefsky).

James Dean was the first actor posthumously nominated for an Academy Award. He had died in a car accident on September 30, 1955, at the age of 24.

Italy's Anna Magnani won for Best Actress in The Rose Tattoo. It was her first Hollywood-made film and first English-speaking role.

The show was telecast on NBC-TV, again as a bicoastal affair. Jerry Lewis was the host in Hollywood and Claudette Colbert and Joseph L. Mankiewicz hosted at New York's NBC Century Theatre.

This show was Grace Kelly's last public appearance before heading to New York and then on to Monaco for her wedding to Prince Rainier.

On March 7, 1955, Peter Pan became the first Broadway play to be televised in color. It was performed by the original cast, including Mary Martin as Peter Pan. Martin and the show both received Emmy Awards.

On April 18, 1955, Albert Einstein died in Princeton, New Jersey.

In July 1955, Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California.

In August 1955, the first edition of The Guinness Book of World Records was published in Great Britain.

On October 3, 1955, Disney's The Mickey Mouse Club made its television debut on ABC.

In October 1955, the Brooklyn Dodgers defeated the New York Yankees and won their first World Series Championship.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama.

Honorary Foreign Language Film Award
To Samurai, The Legend of Musashi.